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By Abdel Bari Atwan

Morsi Sentence Is A Travesty Of Justice And A Tragedy For Egypt

 

I will admit that I was surprised by yesterday’s verdict against Egypt’s first legitimately elected leader, Mohamad Morsi. The court found him guilty of inciting his supporters to use violence against opposition supporters in 2012 demonstrations outside the Presidential Palace that resulted in several deaths. Morsi was given a 20 year prison sentence and faces two further trials.

The Egyptian authorities acquitted Morsi and fourteen co-defendants of murder, which would have carried the death penalty. Hundreds of Moslem Brotherhood supporters and leaders have received the death penalty, however, including Mr. Mohammed Badie, the movement’s Supreme Guide.

Yesterday’s events in a crowded court convened in the Police Academy were in marked contrast to last November’s acquittal of former President Hosni Mubarak. All charges were dropped against the dictator who had been accused of complicity in the deaths of almost 1000 people during the Arab Spring uprising.

Egypt’s judiciary system can no longer claim to have any semblance of political independence; it has become a mockery of justice, dispensing the death sentence like parking tickets. Two days ago 22 people were sentenced to death for storming a police station outside Cairo during the fight to keep Morsi from being toppled; one police officer was killed during the attack on 3 July 2013.

Speaking about the Morsi verdict, Amnesty International’s MENA director, Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui said, ‘this verdict shatters any remaining illusion of independence and impartiality in Egypt’s criminal justice system… convicting Mohamad Morsi despite fundamental flaws in the legal process and what seems to be at best flimsy evidence produced in court under a gag order, utterly undermines this verdict.’

President Morsi appeared in court dressed in a blue and white prison uniform jumpsuit. Clearly designed to humiliate the man and his co-defendants who jumped up and shouted when the verdict was pronounced but their words could not be heard because the court had installed thick, soundproof glass around the box after Morsi declared himself rightful President in previous hearings.

An appeal is expected, which will be led by a British legal team advising Morsi’s Freedom and Justice Party. Tayab Ali of London’s ITN solicitors described the trial as a ‘show trial’ based on ’fabricated evidence’.

Morsi faces two further trials in May – one for escaping from prison, the other for espionage and ‘conspiring to commit terrorism’. The latter potentially carries the death sentence but I hope I am correct in surmising that the al-Sisi government would not risk the wrath of the international community with such a travesty of justice.

***

A month before the military coup in July 2013 I went to Cairo and had an hour-long meeting with President Mohamed Morsi. He spoke about religious and social tolerance, and about the need to stand with the poor and destitute; he was full of plans to beef up the country’s military establishment and boost development in all fields, agriculture in particular, and to achieve self-sufficiency in foodstuffs such as wheat. He was very outspoken about the need to wean Middle Eastern countries off their dependence on the US which he described as a covert form of oppression.

I am not a supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood and it is true that Morsi’s failings as a leader were many, but he had only just taken the reins of power and held them for less than a year before they were wrenched from his hands. It seems that there was an active conspiracy against the Morsi government from the outset producing incessant protests and demonstrations and throwing all sorts of obstacles in the way of the fledgling government. This conspiracy swiftly succeeded in removing the President and putting him behind bars.

I know that this opinion will not please many both inside and outside Egypt, but we do not write in order to satisfy this or that party, but rather to discover and narrate the truth. We fear for Egypt when an elected leader can be put behind bars, tried on trumped-up charges and sentenced to spend the rest of his life in prison. What sort of a country is that? Is this the modern, democratic new era for Egypt that hundreds sacrificed their lives for?

***

It is difficult to see how recent events can pave the way for stability and economic recovery in Egypt; instead, the democratic deficit is leading to a worsening crisis with the absence of an independent judiciary and the failure to achieve national reconciliation and peaceful co-existence between political and religious parties.

These glaring failures lead to further, more dangerous problems because they spawn violence and terrorism; extremist tendencies such as Islamic State and al-Qaeda thrive on instability and discontent which also facilitate recruitment from among the frustrated youth who face nothing but unemployment and lack of opportunity.

We are not prepared to sit silently and refrain from commenting on a farcical situation which sees the ‘good’ ex-President Mubarak and sons cleared of all charges – despite being stained with blood and corruption as the whole world knows – while the ‘bad’ ex-President Morsi languishes behind bars.

We have every right to worry about Egypt and her future, and we say loudly that today’s misdeeds are not worthy of the big-hearted, compassionate, noble Egypt that we know and love.

George S.Hishmeh

Will Israel get away with its policy?

The low-key US reaction to the condemnation of Israel this week by a UN-backed commission for its bloody assault on the besieged Gaza Strip is appalling.

Home to 1.7 million Palestinians, last year 2,251 Palestinians were killed in Gaza; of these, 1,462 were civilians, of whom 299 were women and 551 children.

Israeli losses were six civilians and 67 soldiers.

The 217-page report, issued by the United Nations Commission of Inquiry and submitted to the UN Human Rights Council, found that both Israel and Palestinian fighter groups, primarily Hamas, were responsible for violations of international law that could amount to war crimes.

But both Israel and Hamas refused to cooperate with the commission, and Hamas is reportedly planning to submit its version of the 51-day war later this week.

The Israeli launching of the war was triggered by several events in the Israeli-occupied West Bank, primarily the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli youngsters and the subsequent burning to death of a Palestinian teenager by Israeli extremists.

There was huge Israeli firepower during this aggression, compared to two earlier Gaza wars, amounting to “more than 6,000 air strikes … and approximately 50,000 tank and artillery shells fired”.

In contrast, the UN commission reported that the Palestinian fighters fired 4,881 rockets and 1,753 mortars towards Israel.

Whether this conflict will lead to an Israeli trial is doubtful in the view of an Israeli analyst who writes that “the UN’s Gaza report makes for good headlines and will keep UN officials busy for weeks to come, but it doesn’t provide any evidence that will help get Israelis in the dock in The Hague”, at the International Criminal Court, as the Palestinians are hoping.

It is too early to tell whether the US administration will totally support the Palestinians in their position; there was a recent public hint from President Barack Obama that they can approach the United Nations on this issue.

Judging from this week’s mute reaction to the just released UN report, US support is not very encouraging, if not disappointing.

For a start, the American media have been low-keyed about the UN report, which did not merit front-page attention in the country’s two leading newspapers, The Washington Post and The New York Times.

However, the Times editorial last Tuesday had a powerful last paragraph: “… Israel has a duty, and should have the desire, to adjust its military policies to avoid civilian casualties and hold those who have failed to do so accountable. Absent some kind of peace agreement with the Palestinians, another war in Gaza seems inevitable.”

American politicians are not willing to crack the whip against Israel for its extremist and uncompromising policies, especially given the upcoming presidential election.

New Jersey’s Republican Governor Chris Christie had to apologise publicly for having used a correct term at an event hosted by pro-Israel Republican billionaire Sheldon Adelson.

He reportedly used the term “occupied territories” in a reference to the Israeli-occupied West Bank, and then said he misspoke.

He asserted that “he is an unwavering friend and committed supporter of Israel and was sorry for any confusion that came across as a result of the misstatement”.

This “apology” preceded an announcement by the Episcopal Committee for Justice in Israel and Palestine that focused on the upcoming 78th General Convention of the Church in Salt Lake City “to open and produce discussion of the resolutions calling for use of economic leverage to advance a just and lasting peace in the Holy Land”.

The event will mainly focus on the committee’s proposed resolution “calling for boycott and divestment from companies that profit from Israel’s nearly half-century occupation of Palestinian lands and denial of Palestinian freedom”.

The announcement said: “As Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu wrote in a letter of support for the committee’s resolution, we act in order to bear witness to the use of Christ’s justice to free the oppressed and by so doing to liberate the oppressor so that these two peoples can finally be reconciled and live together in dignity, security and peace.”

This event follows a fire started earlier this month by Israeli Jewish extremists that damaged the Church of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes alongside the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel, where Christians believe Jesus performed the bread and fish miracle.

The Israeli police are now investigating the event, reported The Washington Post.

A police spokesman said the arson attack resembled previous acts of vandalism by Jewish extremists who target monasteries, churches, mosques and cemeteries.

It added that “Israel has debated whether to label the hate crimes as terrorism”.

The Assembly of the Catholic Ordinaries of the Holy Land said in a statement: “We consider this to be a serious hate crime. It comes at a time when many hate crimes are taking place against holy sites, and we are wondering where the government and the security services [are].”

 

 

 

 

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ordan’s ‘Honor’ Killings Persist Despite Reform Efforts


Every year, 20 Jordanian women are killed because of “family honor.” In 2011, societal pressure forced Jordan’s parliament to backtrack on amending Article 76 of the temporary penal code whereby “the use of mitigating reasons for assault crimes” would have been abolished. This article protects the perpetrators of honor crimes who often benefit from mitigating reasons and avoid receiving a deterring punishment.

A 2011 study titled “Cultural and Legal Discrimination Against Jordanian Girls” polled the country’s main population centers (the capital Amman, Zarqa, Irbid, Mafraq, Aqaba and Karak) and found that 80.9% of parents believe that protecting the female equates to protecting the family’s honor. Among those polled, 55% believed that a woman should be accompanied by her brother when she is outside the house; 66% are opposed to women having the same rights as a men of the same age with regard to being unaccompanied outside the house; 49% are opposed to a female child playing outside the house; and 29% say that all women should get married regardless of their education. According to the study, 29% of those polled said their convictions emanate from traditions, 25.1% said their convictions emanate from personal attitudes, 16% attributed their convictions to societal factors and 15.5% to religion.

 

Kingdom fourth best Arab country for women — survey

 

LONDON — Jordan is the fourth best country in the Arab world to be a woman, a poll of gender experts showed on Tuesday.

The Kingdom scored 58.218 points, ahead of Qatar, Tunisia and Algeria.

Comoros, where women hold 20 per cent of ministerial positions and where wives generally keep land or the home after divorce, came on top, followed by Oman and Kuwait.

The poll by Thomson Reuters’ philanthropic arm surveyed 336 gender experts in August and September in 21 Arab League states and Syria, which was a founding member of the Arab League but was suspended in 2011.

Questions were based on provisions of the UN Convention to Eliminate All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), which 19 Arab states have signed or ratified.

The poll assessed violence against women, reproductive rights, treatment of women within the family, their integration into society and attitudes towards a woman’s role in politics and the economy.

Experts were asked to respond to statements and rate the importance of factors affecting women’s rights across the six categories. Their responses were converted into scores, which were averaged to create a ranking.

Egypt is the worst country in the Arab world to be a woman, according to the poll, citing sexual harassment, high rates of female genital mutilation and a surge in violence.

Discriminatory laws and a spike in trafficking also contributed to Egypt’s place at the bottom of a ranking of 22 Arab states, the Thomson Reuters Foundation survey found.

Despite hopes that women would be one of the prime beneficiaries of the Arab Spring, they have instead been some of the biggest losers, as the revolts have brought conflict, instability, displacement and a rise in Islamist groups in many parts of the region, experts said.

“We removed the Mubarak from our presidential palace, but we still have to remove the Mubarak who lives in our minds and in our bedrooms,” Egyptian columnist Mona Eltahawy said, referring to Egypt’s toppled dictator, Hosni Mubarak.

“As the miserable poll results show, we women need a double revolution, one against the various dictators who’ve ruined our countries and the other against a toxic mix of culture and religion that ruin our lives as women.”

The foundation’s third annual women’s rights poll gives a comprehensive snapshot of the state of women’s rights in the Arab world three years after the events of 2011 and as Syria’s conflict threatens further regional upheaval.

Iraq ranked second-worst after Egypt, followed by Saudi Arabia, Syria and Yemen.

Sexual harassment

Egypt scored badly in almost all categories.

A UN report on women in April said 99.3 per cent of women and girls are subjected to sexual harassment in Egypt.

Human Rights Watch reported that 91 women were raped or sexually assaulted in public in Tahrir Square in June as anti-Mohamed Morsi protests heated up.

“There are whole villages on the outskirts of Cairo and elsewhere where the bulk of economic activity is based on trafficking in women and forced marriages,” said Zahra Radwan, Middle East and North Africa programme officer for the Global Fund for Women, a US-based rights group.

Female genital mutilation is endemic in Egypt, where 91 per cent of women and girls — 27.2 million in all — are subjected to cutting, according to UNICEF. Only Djibouti has a higher rate, with 93 per cent of women and girls cut.

In Iraq, women’s freedoms have regressed since the US-led 2003 invasion and overthrow of Saddam Hussein, the poll showed.

Domestic abuse and prostitution have increased, illiteracy has soared and up to 10 per cent of women — or 1.6 million — have been left widowed and vulnerable, according to Refugees International.

In Saudi Arabia, ranked third worst, experts noted some advances. S. Arabia remains the only country that bans female drivers but cautious reforms pushed by King Abdullah have given women more employment opportunities and a greater public voice.

Since January, 30 women have been appointed in the 150-member shura council, but the council has no legislative or budgetary powers.

Saudi Arabia’s guardianship system forbids women from working, travelling abroad, opening a bank account or enrolling in higher education without permission from a male relative.

Syria’s civil war has had a devastating impact on women at home and in refugee camps across borders, where they are vulnerable to trafficking, forced and child marriage and sexual violence, experts said.

Rights groups say forces loyal to President Bashar Assad have targeted women with rape and torture, while hardline Islamists have stripped them of rights in rebel-held territory.

The poll highlighted a mixed picture for women’s rights in other Arab Spring countries.

In Yemen, ranked fifth worst, women protested side-by-side with men during the 2011 revolution and there is a 30 per cent quota for women in a national dialogue conference convened to discuss constitutional reforms.

But they face an uphill struggle for rights in a largely conservative country where child marriage is common.

In Libya, ranked 14th for women’s rights, experts voiced concern over the spread of armed militias and a rise in kidnapping, extortion, random arrests and physical abuse of women.

In Tunisia, ranked best among Arab Spring nations, women hold 27 per cent of seats in national parliament and contraception is legal, but polygamy is spreading and inheritance laws are biased towards males.

Along with Syria, all Arab League member states except Somalia and Sudan have signed or ratified CEDAW.

In the absence of full statehood recognition for the Palestinian territories, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas symbolically endorsed the convention on behalf of the Palestinian Authority.

But protection offered by CEDAW is superficial, experts said. Signatories may raise reservations against any article that contradicts Sharia (Islamic law), a country’s family code, personal status laws or any piece of national legislation.






 

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عمان الأردنية ترحب بكم

وظائف شاغرة: من وزارة العمل

صحيفة عمان الأردنية

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  صحيفة عمان الأردنية  تناشد الحكومة واصحاب القرار ايجاد فرص عمل لابنائنا  وهو حق يجب ان تكفله الدوله للشباب لأنهم جيل المستقبل وسنبقى نناشد ونناشد  من هذا المنبر الحر العمل على رفض  الواسطة والمحسوبية ، وتناشد  عمان الأردنية ايضاً اصحاب الشركات  والمصانع توفير  فرص عمل للشباب الاردنيين  

 

 

 

 

 

 وزارة العمل - فرص عمل في قطاع البيع بالتجزئة والمولات

 28/6/2015- اعلنت وزارة العمل /المعرض الوظيفي الدائم في مديرية تشغيل عمان الاولى/ العبدليعن توفر فرص عمل للاردنيين الباحثين عن عمل في قطاع البيع بالتجزئة والمولات  بمهن : منسق بضائع ، قصاب ، منسق خضار ، بائع بقالة، مبيعات كاونتر ، موظف مستودع، تحميل وتنزيل ،كاشير . علما بان هذه المؤسسات تمنح العديد من الحوافز والمكافآت اضافة الى التامين الصحي والضمان الاجتماعي ورواتب تصل الى 300 دينار بحسب الخبرة والكفاءة
وطلبت الوزارة من الباحثين الاردنيين الراغبين في العمل مراجعة موقع المعرض الوظيفي الدائم في مديرية تشغيل عمان الاولى /العبدلي يوم الثلاثاء الموافق 30/6/2015   ولمزيد من المعلومات حول هذه الفرص زيارة موقع النظام الوطني للتشغيل www.nees.jo

وزارة العمل - فرص عمل في قطاع المحروقات

 22/6/2015- عمان الأردنية - اعلنت وزارة العمل /المعرض الوظيفي الدائم في مديرية تشغيل عمان الاولى/ العبدلي عن توفر فرص عمل للاردنيين الباحثين عن عمل في قطاع المحروقات بمهن : بائع محروقات، عامل غسيل سيارات، مندوب مبيعات زيوت ، امين صندوق . علما بان هذه المؤسسات تمنح العديد من الحوافز والمكافآت اضافة الى التامين الصحي والضمان الاجتماعي ورواتب بحسب الخبرة والكفاءة تبدأ من210 دينار . 
وطلبت الوزارة من الباحثين الاردنيين الراغبين في العمل مراجعة موقع المعرض الوظيفي الدائم في مديرية تشغيل عمان الاولى /العبدلي يوم الثلاثاء الموافق 23/6/2015   ولمزيد من المعلومات حول هذه الفرص زيارة موقع النظام الوطني للتشغيل www.nees.jo


: وزارة العمل - فرص عمل في دولة قطر

عمان الأردنية - عمان – 14/6/2015 - تعلن وزارة العمل عن توفر فرص عمل لدى المجلس الاعلى للتعليم في دولة قطر للعمل مدرسين من حملة البكالوريوس تخصص(تربية خاصة) بخبرة لا تقل عن 3 سنوات في نفس المجال . وسيحصل المتعاقدون على العديد من المزايا كالسكن وتذاكر السفر والتامين الصحي والمواصلات والرواتب بحسب الخبرة والتخصص .

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وزارة العمل - فرص عمل في قطاع البنوك

8/6/2015- اعلنت وزارة العمل /المعرض الوظيفي الدائم في مديرية تشغيل عمان الاولى/ العبدلي عن توفر فرص عمل للاردنيين الباحثين عن عمل من حملة الشهادات الجامعية للعمل في قطاع البنوك في تخصصات المحاسبة ، العلوم المصرفية ، الادارة  .علما بان المؤسسات تمنح العديد من المزايا كالضمان الاجتماعي ورواتب بحسب الخبرة والكفاءة . وطلبت الوزارة من الباحثين الاردنيين الراغبين في العمل مراجعة موقع المعرض الوظيفي الدائم في مديرية تشغيل عمان الاولى /العبدلي يوم الثلاثاء الموافق 9/6/2015  ولمزيد من المعلومات حول هذه الفرص زيارة موقع النظام الوطني للتشغيل www.nees.jo

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When will Israel come to terms with its extremism?

by Ahmad y.Majdoubeh

Israel has not only been tolerating its extremism, but abetting and encouraging it. In light of the Naama Margolese story, will it finally wake up?

Rather than thinking aptly and correctly by seeing a fair peace deal with the Palestinians, whose land it has usurped, as fundamental to the security and stability of both the Palestinians and Israelis, Israel has, in a very manipulative and perverse way, been doing its best to deprive the Palestinians of both peace and their inalienable rights.

Towards this malicious end, the Israeli government — in addition to its mighty military machine, the swallowing of Palestinian lands through illegal settlements, demolition of Palestinian homes, indiscriminate imprisonment of Palestinian demonstrators, the countless checkpoints it erects between Palestinian towns, etc. — has not only been turning a blind eye to continuous provocative and criminal acts committed by Jewish extremists against Palestinian civilians, but also encouraging such acts for the purpose of further uprooting the Palestinian people.

These acts, which have escalated both systematically and dramatically over the years, include, but are not limited to: the burning of mosques, the cutting of olive trees, the shooting of Palestinians going to work in their fields, the forced possession of some houses in Palestinian neighbourhoods, etc.

In the vast majority of these acts, the Israeli police or army “fails” to do anything to protect the Palestinian victims. When the Palestinians seek justice and retribution from Israeli courts, they get nowhere, as Israeli courts often turn down Palestinians petitions, for all kinds of pretexts, or legalise what the extremists commit.

All of this is part and parcel of Israel’s depopulation policies. When the Israelis were “establishing” their “home” on Palestinian lands in the 1930s and 1940s, they used not only violence but terrorism against the Palestinian owners and inhabitants of the land. The massacres of Deir Yassin, Qibya, and others speak louder than words. And so does the total demolition of the three Latrun villages of Amwas, Yalu, and Beit Nouba — in addition to others — in 1967.

The Israeli occupation machine has always relied, in dispossessing Palestinians and expanding its “homeland” into Palestine, on the various monsters and devils that it created.

The current extremists — religious as well as secular — are serving Israel’s selfish and narrow-minded interests, no doubt. However, what will Israel do when these extremists start harming Israelis directly? What should it do when the monsters it has created start backfiring?

It is these same extremists who assassinated former Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin, the only true Israeli peacemaker. Where would the Palestinians and Israelis be today had Rabin’s life been spared? Where would the region be? In a much better position.

And yet, Israel — which, like the Palestinians, has lost a lot as a result of the demise of Rabin — did nothing to combat its extremists. As a matter of fact, such extremism has not only grown, and grown more aggressive, but has become more widespread. The entire Israeli society has become more extreme and controlled by extremists: their current prime minister and the vast majority of his ministers included.

What the ultra-orthodox Jews of Israel — who, according to some estimates, constitute 10 per cent of the entire Israeli population — did to Margolese comes as a vivid reminder of the dangerous path Israel is following by either failing to curb, or nourishing, its extremism.

Margolese, a second-grader who was going to her religious school dressed modestly, was harassed and terrorised by a group of ultra-religious Jews, who called her a “whore” for dressing “immodestly.”

Should not this incident call for some soul-searching on the part of Israel, and some reconsideration of how it has been dealing with its own extremism? Shouldn’t it be a wake-up call for Israeli society?

What the extremist did to Margolese is a metaphor — though a small, tiny one — of what the Israeli extremists have been doing to the Palestinians for more than 80 years.Jordan Times


 

Jordan’s public sector seen more corrupt this year — report

AMMAN — Jordan’s public sector is perceived to be more corrupt than last year, graft watchdog Transparency International (TI) said in a statement on Tuesday, as the Kingdom scored 45 points on the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2013, compared with 48 in 2012.

Jordan ranked 66 among the 177 countries surveyed, compared with 58 last year.

Two-thirds of the countries surveyed scored below 50, on a scale from 0, perceived to be highly corrupt, to 100, perceived to be very clean.

The Berlin-based non-profit group said the result indicates the world has a “serious, worldwide corruption problem” that needs to be addressed.

The UAE is perceived to be the cleanest in the MENA region, while Sudan is seen to be the most corrupt.

The CPI saw Jordan’s regional ranking drop to the sixth among Arab countries compared to the fourth last year, after Oman and Saudi Arabia gained on the Kingdom.

According to the graft index, Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia are seen as the world’s most corrupt countries while Denmark and New Zealand are nearly squeaky-clean.

The most widely used indicator of corruption in political parties, police, justice systems and civil services worldwide, the CPI is a composite index of surveys and assessments of corruption collected from independent institutions.

The nature of corruption makes it impossible to measure meaningfully, says TI, which leads the group to collect data from institutions like the World Bank, African Development Bank, Economist Intelligence Unit, Bertelsmann Foundation, Freedom House and others.

Among countries that have slipped the most on CPI 2013 are war-torn Syria, Libya and Mali.

In a statement on its website, TI said the world urgently needs a renewed effort to crack down on money laundering, clean up political finance, pursue the return of stolen assets and build more transparent public institutions.

 

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